Research Activities

• Medication Safety
• High Risk Medication
• Prescription Audit
• Pharmacoeconomic Studies
• Community Activities
• Home Medication Review

Clinical Activities

Medication History Interview
• To interview the patient about his/her medication history to optimize further therapy

Provision of Drug/Poison Information

• To provide accurate and relevant information on drug related matters (general clinical aspects of drugs,
• e.g., involves in prescribing, administration, monitoring and use of medicines)
• To prepare specific drug related resources such as protocols and patient information leaflets
• To provide poison information to physicians

Participation in Ward Rounds and Meetings

• To enable prescribing to be influences at the time of decision making.
• To contribute to patient care through the provision of drug information and promotion of rational
• drug therapy

Prevention, Assessment and Management of Drug Interactions

• To review the medication order for the adverse drug interactions
• To identify patients at risk of adverse drug interaction
• To suggest suitable method of management for the interaction
• To take appropriate steps to avoid recurrence of interaction with adverse sequlae
• To ensure early recognition of drug interactions to prevent adverse sequlae

Adverse Drug Reaction

• To detect, assess and correlate, manage, document and prevent ADRs
• To encourage nursing and medical staff as well as patients, to report ADRs

Medication Order Review

• To ensure the patient receives most appropriate drug, dose, dosage form
• To minimize drug related problems

Clinical Review

• To determine the priorities of the treatment with reference to therapeutic outcomes desired by the patient
• To review the outcomes of the treatment

Therapeutic Drug Monitoring

• To optimize therapy for the drugs for which there is known relationship between the therapeutic effect
• and measured concentrations
• To identify the desired therapeutic outcomes

Selection of Drug Therapy

• To ensure the drug selection follows local guidelines, formulary and availability limitations where applicable
• To promote quality use of medicines
• To optimize the clinical outcomes and quality of patient care

Patient Medication Counseling

• To provide the information directed at encouraging safe and appropriate use of medication for
• the enhancement of better therapeutic outcomes
• To monitor new dosage and medications

Liaison with Community Services

• To communicate concerning special problems, e.g., provision of
medication aids
• To encourage the patient to contact to their hospital pharmacist

Career Opportunities

• Clinical pharmacy services in the hospital
• Clinical research organizations (CROs)
• Insurance sector
• Pharmacovigilance
• Medical writing
• Business development
• Application scientists
• Medical affairs
• Business analyst
• Pharmacology industry
• Community services
• Research and academics.
As a summary, it can be expected that the Pharmacists, i.e., Pharm D would play a major role in Indian health care system in future. This course will give an opportunity to pharmacists to work more prominently in Indian health care system.


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